Growth and Meat Quality of Prestice Black-Pied and (Landrace x Large White) x Duroc Pigs
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The objective of the performed experiment was to evaluate growth performance and selected carcass traits and meat quality parameters in pigs of a native Czech breed Prestice Black-Pied pig (PB) and a commercial hybrid (H) used for meat production. The observation included 40 pigs, 20 pigs of the native breed PB and 20 pigs of the hybrid combination. The PB piglets showed higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.05) birth weight than the H piglets. The lifetime weight gain was higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.01) in the H pigs than in the PB pigs. The results also showed higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.01) backfat thickness in the PB breed than in the H pigs. Lean meat content was higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.01) in the hybrid pigs than in the PB breed. Higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.01) values of intramuscular fat content were found in the PB pigs than in the H pigs. Drip loss value was higher (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.01) in the H pigs by 1.3 % than in the PB pigs. The PB pigs showed more favourable (P LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO 0.05) values of pH45,24 in comparison with the hybrid pigs.